Best Personal Loan Rates for February 2021

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NextAdvisor’s Guide to Choosing the Best Personal Loan

Among the fastest-growing loan products in banking, personal loans became popular after the 2008 financial crisis as a flexible and (sometimes) cheaper alternative to high-interest credit cards. Borrowers can take out personal loans for any number of reasons, but the most common is to consolidate credit card debt.

Personal loan interest rates can vary drastically, from as low as 4% to as high as 36%. This wide range depends on the loan terms (e.g., repayment period, amount borrowed) and your personal credit history. 

Summary: Personal loans in 2021

Best Personal Loan Rates in February 2021

InstitutionCurrent APRLoan Term RangeMin. Loan Amt.Max Loan Amt.
LightStream5.95% to 19.99%2 to 12 years$5,000$100,000
SoFi5.99% to 20.69%2 to 7 years$5,000$100,000
Payoff5.99% to 24.99%2 to 5 years$5,000$40,000
Best Egg5.99% to 29.99%3 to 5 years$2,000$35,000
U.S. Bank6.49% to 16.99%1 to 5 years$1,000$25,000
PNC Bank6.54% to 12.84%6 months to 5 years$1,000$35,000
Upgrade6.94% to 35.97%3 to 5 years$1,000$50,000
Marcus by Goldman Sachs6.99% to 19.99%3 to 6 years$3,500$40,000
TD Bank6.99% to 21.99%3 to 5 years$2,000$50,000
Discover6.99% to 24.99%3 to 7 years$2,500$35,000
Rocket Loans7.161% to 29.99%3 to 5 years$2,000$45,000
Prosper7.95% to 35.99%3 to 5 years$2,000$40,000
LendingClub8.05% to 35.89%3 to 5 years$1,000$40,000
Upstart8.27% to 35.99%3 to 5 years$1,000$50,000
Avant9.95% to 35.99%2 to 5 years$2,000$35,000
OneMain Financial18.00% to 35.99%2 to 5 years$1,500$20,000

How We Chose These Lenders

This list does not represent the entire market. To rank the personal loan rates you’re most likely to be considering, we began by analyzing the 20 most commonly reviewed and searched-for personal loan rates. Then, we cut out any lenders based on the following criteria:

  1. We eliminated lenders that don’t make it easy to find the above essential loan information on their websites without entering an email or other personal information. Many lenders prominently display this information on their sites, making it easy to compare to other lenders. If you are in the market for a personal loan, we’d recommend a transparent lender that doesn’t require personal information for a rate comparison.
  2. We ruled out any lenders whose max APR exceeds 40%, which is well above the average APR you can find even if you have bad credit. A high APR will result in you paying more over the course of the loan.
  3. Our list only features direct lenders, rather than intermediaries or loan marketplaces. We also ruled out credit unions, which have unique membership requirements and limit the number of people who could easily consider them for a loan. Credit unions can offer competitive rates to those who qualify; check your local area or use a credit union locator to compare rates.
  4. Also, none of these banks charge any fees or penalties for early payments or otherwise paying off your loan early. We don’t think you should ever have to pay a fee to get out of debt faster, so will never recommend a personal loan that includes such a fee or penalty.

The above rates and loan information is accurate as of February 3, 2021. The NextAdvisor editorial team updates this information regularly, though it is possible APRs and other information has changed since it was last updated. Some of the lowest advertised rates might be for secured loans, which require collateral such as your home, car, or other asset. Also, some loan offerings may be specific to where you live.

Details: Best Personal Loan Rates in 2021

Avant

Overview: Intended for customers with “fair” credit, Avant is an online lender known for its lenient qualifications and affordable financing options. 

Pros: Avant offers a wide range of loan options. For example, you can borrow between $2,000 to $35,000 and repay the amount in two to five years, depending on what term you choose. The qualifications for a personal loan are also more accessible to the general public, as Avant accepts borrowers with “fair” credit (580+).

Cons: The APR range it offers is on the high side, so you’ll need to be extra careful not to miss a monthly payment. You also can’t add a cosigner to your application to boost your chances of approval.

Avant
Current APR9.95% to 35.99%
Loan Term Range2 to 5 years
Loan Amount$2,000 to $35,000
Prepayment PenaltyNone
Origination FeeUp to 4.75% 
Minimum Credit Score580
Minimum Annual IncomeNone specified
Co-Borrower Allowed?No
Cosigner Allowed?No
Unsecured Personal LoansYes
Secured Personal LoansYes

Best Egg

Overview: Best Egg is an online-only lender offering unsecured personal loans for debt consolidation, credit card refinancing, home improvement, and other uses to customers with fair-to-excellent credit.

Pros: There’s flexibility in the terms you can get if you have solid credit. Borrowers with “fair” credit (640+) can qualify for Best Egg personal loans, which range from $2,000 to $35,000 and repayment term between three to five years. Another upside? No prepayment penalty is charged if you want to pay off your personal loan early or make additional off-schedule payments.

Cons: To get the lowest APR, you’ll need a minimum 700 FICO score and you’ll need to make at least $100,000 a year in individual income (not household income). You also can’t supplement your application with a co-borrower, cosigner, or collateral.

Best Egg
Current APR5.99% to 29.99%
Loan Term Range3 to 5 years
Loan Amount$2,000 to $35,000
Prepayment PenaltyNone
Origination Fee0.99% to 5.99%; 4.99% for loan terms longer than four years
Minimum Credit Score640; 700+ for the lowest APR
Minimum Annual Income$100,000 minimum individual annual income for the lowest APR
Co-Borrower Allowed?No
Cosigner Allowed?No
Unsecured Personal LoansYes
Secured Personal LoansNo

Discover

Overview: Discover is a major credit card brand that offers banking services and credit products — including a full-service customer hotline and a mobile app.

Pros: The APR range it offers its customers is competitive, and you can get a personal loan for a longer repayment term (seven years) than what’s offered by most other lenders. Discover also offers same-day decisions in most cases, with the funds routed to your bank account as early as the day after you accept the loan terms. You won’t have to pay an origination fee either, which is usually between 1% to 6% of the loan amount.

Cons: Your annual household income will need to exceed $25,000 to qualify for a Discover personal loan.

Discover
Current APR6.99% to 24.99%
Loan Term Range3 to 7 years
Loan Amount$2,500 to $35,000
Prepayment PenaltyNone
Origination FeeNone
Minimum Credit ScoreNone specified
Minimum Annual Income$25,000 household income
Co-Borrower Allowed?No
Cosigner Allowed?No
Unsecured Personal LoansYes
Secured Personal LoansNo

LendingClub

Overview: LendingClub is a peer-to-peer lender that offers personal loans through its online marketplace that connects borrowers and investors.

Pros: You can get a loan for as little as $1,000 or as large as $40,000 and won’t have to pay a prepayment penalty if you’re aiming to pay off your personal loan ahead of schedule.

Cons: With the COVID-19 recession, LendingClub has become more selective with their qualifications and more stringent in the verification process (i.e., you’ll need to provide more documents proving your income, assets, and debts). The APR is much higher than what you’d find with other lenders, so if you have excellent credit, you may be able to find a better deal elsewhere.

LendingClub
Current APR8.05% to 35.89%
Loan Term Range3 to 5 years
Loan Amount$1,000 to $40,000
Prepayment PenaltyNone
Origination Fee2% to 6%
Minimum Credit Score600
Minimum Annual IncomeNone specified
Co-Borrower Allowed?Yes
Cosigner Allowed?No
Unsecured Personal LoansYes
Secured Personal LoansNo

LightStream

Overview: Lightstream is the online lender of Truist (out of the recent merger between SunTrust Bank and BB&T), promising personal loans and financing
“for practically anything,” including hot tubs, IVF/fertility treatments, adoption, horses, and tiny homes.

Pros: The lowest APR offered by Lightstream is currently the lowest of all other lenders evaluated in this review. And the maximum loan amount is also the highest offered. If you’re not satisfied with your experience with LightStream, the company will send you $100 upon completion of a questionnaire asking how to improve its services.

Cons: There’s no way to see what your rate would be without going through the full application process (including a hard inquiry on your credit report).

LightStream
Current APR5.95% to 19.99% with AutoPay (0.50% higher if invoiced)
Loan Term Range2 to 12 years
Loan Amount$5,000 to $100,000
Prepayment PenaltyNone
Origination FeeNone
Minimum Credit ScoreNone specified
Minimum Annual IncomeNone specified
Co-Borrower Allowed?Yes
Cosigner Allowed?No
Unsecured Personal LoansYes
Secured Personal LoansNo

Marcus by Goldman Sachs

Overview: Marcus, the online-only lender of Goldman Sachs, offers personal loans for debt consolidation and home improvement to customers with good-to-excellent credit.

Pros: The APR range for a Marcus by Goldman Sachs personal loan is competitive compared to other lenders. You can receive a 0.25% APR discount by enrolling in AutoPay, and you won’t have to pay an origination fee or prepayment penalty either.

Cons: The lender doesn’t specify a minimum credit score needed to be approved for its loans or get a favorable rate. But it does emphasize that borrowers with a “good” credit score (660+) can qualify for a competitive interest rate. You also can’t boost chances of getting a personal loan by adding a joint borrower, a cosigner, or a collateral to your application.

Marcus by Goldman Sachs
Current APR6.99% to 19.99% with AutoPay (0.25% higher if invoiced)
Loan Term Range3 to 6 years
Loan Amount$3,500 to $40,000
Prepayment PenaltyNone
Origination FeeNone
Minimum Credit ScoreNone specified
Minimum Annual IncomeNone specified
Co-Borrower Allowed?No
Cosigner Allowed?No
Unsecured Personal LoansYes
Secured Personal LoansNo

OneMain Financial

Overview: OneMain Financial is an online lender geared toward borrowers who may not otherwise qualify for traditional personal loans. This lender is amenable to people with fair to poor credit, but this does mean the interest rates charged will be higher.

Pros: OneMain Financial is accessible to people who have fair-to-poor credit scores or are new to borrowing. You can apply as a joint borrower or provide collateral for a secured loan, and you may be able to receive your loan funds the same day you’re approved.

Cons: The potential loan amounts are lower than what’s offered by major lenders, and the interest rates are much higher. Once approved, you must visit a OneMain Financial branch in person to complete the application process. This may be a deterrent for those practicing social distancing because of COVID-19. Additionally, if you take out a secured loan, the collateral must be covered by an insurance policy.

OneMain Financial
Current APR18.00% to 35.99%
Loan Term Range2 to 5 years
Loan Amount$1,500 to $20,000
Prepayment PenaltyNone
Origination FeeDepends on U.S. state: Flat $25 to $400, or 1% to 10%
Minimum Credit ScoreNone specified
Minimum Annual IncomeNone specified
Co-Borrower Allowed?Yes
Cosigner Allowed?Yes
Unsecured Personal LoansYes
Secured Personal LoansYes

Payoff

Overview: Payoff is an online lender that solely lends to borrowers with fair-to-excellent credit who are looking to consolidate high-interest credit card debt.

Pros: The APR range is relatively low for the personal loan industry. Payoff offers free monthly FICO score updates to its customers, and it doesn’t charge late fees if you’re accidentally late on a payment.

Cons: You need at least three years of established credit, plus a 640+ (“fair”) credit score to qualify. And loans aren’t currently available to borrowers in Massachusetts, Mississippi, Nebraska, and Nevada — or to people who want to take out a loan for anything other than credit card consolidation. 

Payoff
Current APR5.99% to 24.99%
Loan Term Range2 to 5 years
Loan Amount$5,000 to $40,000
Prepayment PenaltyNone
Origination Fee0% to 5%, included in APR
Minimum Credit Score640, and three years of established credit
Minimum Annual IncomeNone specified
Co-Borrower Allowed?No
Cosigner Allowed?No
Unsecured Personal LoansYes
Secured Personal LoansNo

PNC Bank

Overview: Founded in 1983, PNC Bank is one of only a handful of brick-and-mortar banks on this list offering competitive rates on personal loans. It also offers a wide range of personal banking services including checking and savings accounts, credit cards, mortgage loans, auto loans.

Pros:  PNC offers a wide range of personal loan terms: The amounts can be from $1,000 to $35,000, and repayment terms from six months to five years. The APR range (particularly its maximum APR) is low compared to other lenders. Co-borrowers and cosigners are also allowed to boost your application.

Cons: The lender doesn’t specify its qualification standards, but given it’s a major bank, you’ll likely need at least a good credit score to qualify. The late fee is also high — either 10% or $40.

PNC Bank
Current APR6.54% to 12.84% (including 0.25% AutoPay discount if setting up automatic payment from a PNC Bank checking account)
Loan Term Range6 months to 5 years
Loan Amount$1,000 to $35,000
Prepayment PenaltyNone
Origination FeeNone
Minimum Credit ScoreNone specified
Minimum Annual IncomeNone specified
Co-Borrower Allowed?Yes
Cosigner Allowed?Yes
Unsecured Personal LoansYes
Secured Personal LoansNo

Prosper

Overview: Prosper is an online-only, peer-to-peer lender offering personal loans for debt consolidation, home improvement, and more.

Pros: You can borrow as little as $2,000, and co-borrowers and cosigners are allowed when applying for a Prosper personal loan. The lender will also consider applicants with “fair” credit (640+).

Cons: The maximum APR is high, and you can’t put up collateral to boost your chances of getting a loan. You have only two repayment term options as well: three or five years.

Prosper
Current APR7.95% to 35.99%
Loan Term Range3 to 5 years
Loan Amount$2,000 to $40,000
Prepayment PenaltyNone
Origination Fee2.41% to 5%
Minimum Credit Score640
Minimum Annual IncomeNone specified
Co-Borrower Allowed?Yes
Cosigner Allowed?Yes
Unsecured Personal LoansYes
Secured Personal LoansNo

Rocket Loans

Overview: Rocket Loans is a Quicken Loans company that offers unsecured personal loans for debt consolidation, auto expenses, and home improvement projects.

Pros: Rocket offers instant decisions when you apply for pre-approval and same-day funding for personal loans. And with a minimum credit score of 540, it’s open to people with “poor” credit, though you’ll likely end up with a high interest rate.

Cons: The repayment term is either three years or five years — nothing in between. You also can’t improve your chances of getting a loan with a co-borrower, cosigner, or collateral.

Rocket Loans
Current APR7.161% to 29.99% with AutoPay (0.3% higher if invoiced)
Loan Term Range3 to 5 years
Loan Amount$2,000 to $45,000
Prepayment PenaltyNone
Origination Fee1% to 6%
Minimum Credit Score540
Minimum Annual Income$24,000
Co-Borrower Allowed?No
Cosigner Allowed?No
Unsecured Personal LoansYes
Secured Personal LoansNo

SoFi

Overview: SoFi is an online lender that caters to people with strong credit and established employment histories.

Pros: The lowest APR is very competitive, and the maximum loan amount is high ($100,000). As a perk, SoFi also offers “unemployment protection,” which means it will temporarily stop your payments and help you look for a new job if you become unemployed.

Cons: You need a good-to-excellent credit score (680+) to qualify, and you must either be employed, earn other income, or have an offer of employment to start within the next 90 days. Another downside: SoFi personal loans aren’t available in Mississippi.

SoFi
Current APR5.99% to 20.69% with AutoPay (0.25% if invoiced)
Loan Term Range2 to 7 years
Loan Amount$5,000 to $100,000
Prepayment PenaltyNone
Origination FeeNone
Minimum Credit Score680
Minimum Annual IncomeNone specified
Co-Borrower Allowed?Yes
Cosigner Allowed?No
Unsecured Personal LoansYes
Secured Personal LoansNo

TD Bank

Overview: TD Bank offers unsecured personal loans and, in the past, has also offered lines of credit and secured loans. 

Pros: TD Bank has retail stores across 15 states and Washington, D.C., if you’d like in-person assistance. The lender doesn’t charge an origination fee or a prepayment penalty.

Cons: TD Bank’s personal loans are available only in Connecticut, New Jersey, Delaware, New York, Washington, D.C., North Carolina, Florida, Pennsylvania, Maine, Rhode Island, Maryland, South Carolina, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Virginia.

TD Bank
Current APR6.99% to 21.99%
Loan Term Range3 to 5 years
Loan Amount$2,000 to $50,000
Prepayment PenaltyNone
Origination FeeNone
Minimum Credit ScoreNone specified
Minimum Annual IncomeNone specified
Co-Borrower Allowed?Not specified
Cosigner Allowed?Not specified
Unsecured Personal LoansYes
Secured Personal LoansNo

Upgrade

Overview: Upgrade is an online lender that offers a wide range of loans for borrowers with fair-to-excellent credit.

Pros: You can borrow as little as $1,000 and as much as $50,000 with an Upgrade personal loan. Co-borrowers are also allowed if you want to improve your chances of getting approved or securing a low rate.

Cons: The maximum APR is very high, and so is the origination fee, if you’re applying with fair credit. Personal loans through Upgrade are not available in Hawaii or Washington, D.C.

Upgrade
Current APR6.94% to 35.97%
Loan Term Range3 to 5 years
Loan Amount$1,000 to $50,000
Prepayment PenaltyNone
Origination Fee2.9% to 8%
Minimum Credit Score620
Minimum Annual IncomeNone specified
Co-Borrower Allowed?Yes
Cosigner Allowed?No
Unsecured Personal LoansYes
Secured Personal LoansNo

Upstart

Overview: Upstart accepts borrowers with less traditional lending backgrounds, using job history, college education, and its AI technology to supplement the credit history check.

Pros: Personal loans are accessible to people with fair-to-excellent credit (580+), and the application process looks not only at your credit history, but other factors too, like your job and educational history and where you live. In most cases, you’ll receive the funds the day after approval.

Cons: Upstart only offers three- and five-year repayment terms. The maximum APR is also very high. Residents of Iowa and West Virginia are not eligible at this time.

Upstart
Current APR8.27% to 35.99%
Loan Term Range3 to 5 years
Loan Amount$1,000 to $50,000
Prepayment PenaltyNone
Origination FeeNone
Minimum Credit Score580
Minimum Annual IncomeNone specified
Co-Borrower Allowed?Yes
Cosigner Allowed?No
Unsecured Personal LoansYes
Secured Personal LoansNo

U.S. Bank

Overview: U.S. Bank is a traditional brick-and-mortar that offers personal loans for existing customers only.

Pros: The lowest APR is competitive when compared to other major lenders. And you can borrow as little as $1,000, with no origination fee or prepayment penalty. U.S. Bank also offers separate home improvement personal loans and “simple” loans up to $1,000 for existing checking account users.

Cons: You have to be an existing U.S. Bank customer with a 680+ credit score to get a personal loan.

U.S. Bank
Current APR6.49% to 16.99%
Loan Term Range1 to 5 years
Loan Amount$1,000 to $25,000
Prepayment PenaltyNone
Origination FeeNone
Minimum Credit Score680
Minimum Annual IncomeNone specified
Co-Borrower Allowed?Yes
Cosigner Allowed?Yes
Unsecured Personal LoansYes
Secured Personal LoansNo

What is a Personal Loan?

A personal loan lets you borrow a fixed sum of money for a fixed interest rate to be paid over a fixed period of time. Typically unsecured (not requiring collateral like a car or home), personal loans can be used for debt consolidation, home improvement projects, and other large expenses that one may not want or be able to pay for in one go.

What to Know About Personal Loan Rates

Do you have a good credit score and a solid credit history? Lenders look at these factors to calculate their risk and determine if you’re likely to pay back the loan. The better your credit score, the lower your interest rate.

A good rule of thumb: The best personal loan rate for you is one that’s less than what you’re paying now on other debt. If the interest rates on your current debt, such as your credit card debt, are lower than a personal loan would be, you’re better off doing nothing.

If you have average or poor credit, or haven’t established a credit history yet, then getting a cosigner or putting up collateral (e.g., a bank or investment account, car, or house) may help you get a better personal loan rate. But be cautious. Those two strategies may offer peace of mind to the lender, but they also increase your risk. Defaulting on a loan could leave you and your cosigner on the hook for repayment. If you put up collateral, the bank could seize your home or accounts. You need a bulletproof budget in place to ensure those scenarios don’t happen.

What Are the Current Personal Loan Rates?

As of February 3, 2021, the average interest rate for a personal loan is 11.88%, according to Bankrate.

Personal Loan Rates by Credit Level

Based on an “excellent” FICO credit score between 720 and 850, the average personal loan rate is 10.3% to 12.5%. The average rate is 13.5% to 15.5% for a “good” credit score (690–719), 17.8% to 19.9% for an “average” credit score (630–689), and 28.5% to 32.0% for a “bad” credit score (300–629). While some lenders advertise rates much lower than 10.3%, those would be exceptions to the rule and only for people with the very best credit scores.

What is a Good Interest Rate?

Interest rates will vary depending on the terms of a loan and the borrower’s creditworthiness. Typically, a good personal loan interest rate is one that is better than the interest rate on your credit card debt (or the aggregate interest rate if you have multiple credit cards). The average credit card interest rate hovers around 15%. 

The higher the interest rate for a personal loan, the more you could end up spending in the long term, and the greater the chance of getting locked into a cycle of debt. For example, on a $10,000 loan with a term of 5 years, the difference in overall cost between an interest rate of 10% and an interest rate of 25% would be $4,862.56 over a five-year period.

We recommend comparing offers from multiple lenders to get the best rate. All lenders weigh variables (e.g., credit history, credit score, income) differently, so it helps to have a variety of options. You can apply online or call a lender for a quote, though keep in mind these processes will require you to divulge your personal information. You will likely experience a small but temporary drop in your credit score as a result of the credit check that comes with the application.

Pros and Cons of Personal Loans

Personal loans are valued for their flexibility and simplicity. Most personal loans are unsecured with a set interest rate, which means that you borrow a fixed amount of money to pay back over a fixed time period at a fixed rate. You know what to expect every month, in other words. That’s why many people choose to consolidate debt from multiple high-interest credit cards into one personal loan.

The downside is lenders often require a good credit history for approval. If you’ve had issues with making monthly payments, or have filed for bankruptcy in the past, you may find it more difficult to get a personal loan, much less one at a favorable rate. In that case, you’d have to consider getting a cosigner or putting up collateral for a secured personal loan. You might also explore balance-transfer credit cards (cards with 0% introductory rates) and HELOCs (home equity line of credit). 

If you hold credit card debt, we recommend contacting your creditor and asking about lowered interest rates, forbearances, or another form of accommodation. Taking this extra step can help relieve the burden and get you back on the path to financial health. Finally, consider any opportunities to raise your income through side hustles or downsizing your budget.

How to Get a Personal Loan

Shopping around is key when getting a personal loan. The trusty national bank branch around the corner may seem like an obvious choice, but there are also advantages that come with community banks, credit unions, online banks, and online lenders. We recommend soliciting multiple offers so you can weigh your options. 

Your credit score and history will help determine the personal loan rate you receive, so make sure to check your credit reports for errors before applying to loans. You’ll also want to review the fine print and make sure you understand the rate offered, repayment terms, and any fees you’ll have to pay upfront or for the duration of the loan. Upon selecting your preferred offer, you will need to furnish the lender with verification of income, employment history, address, and other forms of identification. Depending on the lender, you could receive the loan through direct deposit in a matter of seconds or in a week. 

How to Choose a Personal Loan Lender

There are hundreds of personal lenders on the market, so how do you choose the best one for you? Which you decide on is a personal choice, but we believe a good personal loan lender meets the following criteria:

  • Upfront and transparent about interest rates, terms, and fees on its website
  • Responsive and helpful customer service
  • Positive reputation and track record
  • Offers an APR that doesn’t exceed 40% 
  • Doesn’t require personal information to be entered for a rate comparison
  • Doesn’t charge a penalty for paying off your loan early
  • Doesn’t have exploitative repayment terms (i.e., fast payback periods, high interest rates, exorbitant fees, confusing policies)

Reasons to Get a Personal Loan

One of the most common reasons to get a personal loan is debt consolidation, particularly for credit card debt. This strategy allows you to pay back the debt with a fixed monthly payment at a more competitive interest rate. Other times a personal loan could make sense are for home improvement expenses like roof repair and interior renovation. While some have taken out personal loans for things like weddings, funerals, or even vacations, we don’t recommend it. Getting a personal loan for the wrong reasons could harm you in the long run.

When You Should Get a Personal Loan

The best reason to get a personal loan is to consolidate debt. As long as you get a favorable interest rate and make payments on time, you’ll be benefitting from the simplicity and lower payments of a single loan that takes the place of multiple credit cards or other loans with varying and higher APRs. Home repairs, such as termite extermination and leaking roofs, are also sensible reasons for personal loans, but you need to have a solid plan for repaying the debt.

When You Shouldn’t Get a Personal Loan

Weddings and vacations are not good uses for personal loans. Ending up in debt for costly personal expenses can land you in deep financial trouble, so we don’t recommend personal loans for anything other than emergencies or focused self-improvement. It’s also not recommended that you consolidate student debt, as you could lose access to deferments, forbearances, and other types of payment arrangements.

What to Know About Personal Loans

What is an APR?

APR means annual percentage rate. It’s the coast of borrowing money from a lender in the form of interest, plus fees. It’s essentially an annualized representation of the interest rate you’ll pay for the loan.

Whats the difference between a secured and unsecured loan?

Secured loans require collateral, such as a car, home, bank or investment account, or other asset, as part of the loan agreement. If you fall behind on payments and default on the personal loan, your collateral could be forfeited to your lender. Most personal loans, which are unsecured, do not require collateral.

What are repayment terms?

The length of time you agree to pay back the principal and interest of a personal loan. The shorter the repayment period, the higher the monthly payments.

How much can you borrow with a personal loan?

You can borrow as little as $1,000 and as much as $100,000 with a personal loan. Loan amounts will differ depending on the lender. And keep in mind the amount you’re eligible to borrow will depend on your creditworthiness. If you’re requesting $80,000 and have bad credit, you may not receive as large of a loan as you asked for.

What are the requirements for a personal loan?

To get a personal loan, you’ll likely need to have steady income, a decent credit score, and a track record of making payments on time. Most loans are unsecured, but some are secured, which means you would need to put up an asset (such as your house, car, or money in the bank) as collateral. If you have no credit, bad credit, or not established in your credit history, you may need to add a cosigner — someone with good credit who will be on the hook for the loan if you fall behind on payments.

How does my credit score affect my offer?

Lenders prefer credit scores in the good-to-excellent range. A high credit score tells a lender that the borrower can be trusted to handle credit and debt responsibly, so higher credit scores tend to merit a higher chance of loan approval and lower interest rates. A fair or poor credit score won’t disqualify you from getting a personal loan (some lenders even specialize in loans for bad-credit applicants), but it may be more difficult to get a low interest rate that’s competitive with credit card interest rates.

How does applying for loans affect my credit scores?

When applying for loans, lenders will do a credit check to determine if your credit history meets their standards. Usually, this “hard” credit pull will ding your credit scores a few points, but only in the short term.

Whats the difference between a fixed rate and a variable rate?

Most personal loans are offered at a fixed interest rate, which will not change throughout the length of the repayment term. Some personal loans are offered at a variable rate, but those loan products come at higher risk.

What is a good interest rate on a personal loan?

Typically, a good interest rate is lower than than the interest rate on your credit card (or the aggregate rate if you own multiple cards). The average interest rate on a credit card is 15%. Rates are always changing on personal loans, so it really depends on what you’re able to afford in your budget and how urgently you need a personal loan. A high interest rate can get you into a cycle of debt if you’re not careful.  

What is a prepayment penalty and why does it matter?

Some banks will charge fees if you pay off your personal loan before the repayment period is up. If you are in the market for a personal loan, we recommend avoiding lenders that charge early repayment fees or penalties.

What happens if I can’t pay back my loan?

If you don’t pay back a personal loan, you may be charged fees. The missed payments will be reported to the credit bureaus, resulting in a lower credit score. After not paying for several months, your loan would go into default — which could result in a bad credit score, wage garnishment, seized collateral, and trouble getting credit or even an apartment in the future.

Is a Personal Loan Worth It?

Personal loans are best used for debt consolidation, planned home repair projects, and emergencies — but only if the interest rate and repayment terms are favorable. If a personal loan is taken out without a clear plan for how to repay it, it is never worth it. If you have bad credit, no credit, or if you’re unemployed, personal loans are probably not worth it.

Personal Loan vs. Credit Cards with Promotional Rates

If you’re looking to consolidate debt, then you may want to consider credit cards with promotional rates instead of a personal loan. Many credit cards come with 0% introductory APR on purchases and balance transfers for as long as 15 months, and those go a long way in helping pay down debt if you can qualify for such offers. Keep in mind, however, that it’s strongly encouraged that you pay off the card within the introductory period. Otherwise you may face interest rates between 15% and 25%. Additionally, if you miss a payment, the 0% APR will revert to the regular purchase and balance transfer APR.